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2018-4-9

I want to know about the recipient qualification for the National Pension.

No.40028

Answer

There are mainly three types in the National Pension Benefits, which are "Old-Age Basic Pension", "Disability Basic Pension", and "Survivors' Basic Pension". Recipient qualification for the each pension is as follows.

1 Old-Age Basic Pension
 To receive the benefit, the sum of the period that you have already paid the insurance premium, the exemption period of the insurance payment, and the complementary period needs to be 10 years or more as a general rule.
You can receive the Old-Age Basic Pension from 65 years old in principle, but you can receive early from 60 to 64 or put off until 66 or later if you wish. When the benefit is paid early or late, the payment rates change. Please contact for more details.
* For those who are not able to meet the requirement of 10 years by 60 years old, there is another voluntary enrollment system for up to 70 years old.

2 Disability Basic Pension
If you are subscribing the National Pension Plan, or left with disabilities after the illnesses or the injuries you suffered before the age of 20 and have been certified as a Grade 1 or 2 Disability under the National Pension Law, the Disability Basic Pension is paid while you are in Grade 1 or 2 Disability. However, to receive the benefit, all of the following requirements, (1) through (3), must be satisfied.
(1) To be the insured person of the National Pension as of the date of the first medical examination (the day when the doctor examined the illness or injury that caused the disability for the first time), or not to request for receiving the Old-Age Basic Pension neither early nor late while being insured by the National Pension at the age of between 60 and 65, and have the address in Japan.
(2) In the period of being insured until two months before the month in which the date of the first medical examination belongs, to have two third or more when the period that you have t already paid the insurance premium and the period of the insurance payment exemption are summed up. (As a special case, if there is no non-payment period in last 12 months till two months before the month in which the date of the first medical examination belongs, the pension will be paid.)
(3) On the assessment day of the disability (as a general rule, it is the day after one year and six months from the day when the doctor examined the illness or injury that caused the disability for the first time), to fall under Grade 1 or 2 Disability under the National Pension Law, or when you claim after falling under such condition before 65 though you didn't on the assessment day of disability.
*In the case of where the illness or injury suffered before 20 years old is the cause of the disability, you will be paid if (3) is satisfied after the age of 20. However, depending on the beneficiary's income, there is a possibility that full amount or a half of the amount is withdrawn.

3 Survivors' Basic Pension
When the person who falls under any of the following (1) to (4) dies, it will be paid to the spouse of the child who was dependent on the person's income, or to the child.
(1) The person must be a participant of the National Pension Plan.
(2) The person must had been insured by the National Pension, has his/her address in Japan, and aged between 60 and 65.
(3) The person must be the eligible recipient of the Old-Age Basic Pension. (From August 1, 2017, the sum of the period that he/she already paid the insurance premium and the period of the insurance payment exemption must be 25 years or more.)
(4) The person must satisfy the period of the recipient qualification of the Old-Age Basic Pension. (From August 1, 2017, the sum of the period that he/she already paid the insurance premium and the period of the insurance payment exemption must be 25 years or more.)
* However, in the case of (1) and (2), the sum of the period that you had already paid the insurance premium and the period of the insurance payment exemption must be two third or more. (As a special case, it will be paid if there is no non-payment period during the last 12 months until two months before the month to which the date of death belongs.)

Note

The "Child" who becomes the subject to be added on the Disability Basic Pension or the Survivors' Basic Pension is a person who has not reached to the first March 31 after turning 18 years old, or a child who is under 20 years old and falls under Grade 1 or 2 Disability.
Regarding the exemption period of the insurance payment in the requirements to receive the pension, when "partial payment" is approved, the partial payment shall be made, otherwise it will be treated as unpaid.

For More Informtaion, Please Contact

National Pension Support Desk, NHI and Pension Division, Kawasaki Ward Office 
Tel: 044-201-3155
Support Desk of NHI and Pension at Citizens Center, Daishi Branch Office 
Tel: 044-271-0158
Support Desk of NHI and Pension at Citizens Center, Tajima Branch Office 
Tel: 044-322-1988
National Pension Support Desk, NHI and Pension Division, Saiwai Ward Office
Tel: 044-556-6621
National Pension Support Desk, NHI and Pension Division, Nakahara Ward Office  Tel: 044-744-3206
National Pension Support Desk, NHI and Pension Division, Takatsu Ward Office 
Tel: 044-861-3176
National Pension Support Desk, NHI and Pension Division, Miyamae Ward Office 
Tel: 044-856-3154
National Pension Support Desk, NHI and Pension Division, Tama Ward Office 
Tel: 044-935-3165
National Pension Support Desk, NHI and Pension Division, Asao Ward Office 
Tel: 044-965-5153